The District of Nuapada was a part of Kalahandi District until early March 1993, but for administrative convenience, Kalahandi District was divided into two parts i.e. Kalahandi and Nuapada - see State Government Notification No. DRC-44/93/14218/R dated 27 March 1993. Nuapada District now comprises one sub-division Nuapada , five tehsils (Nuapada,Komana,Khariar,Sinapalli and Boden) and five community development blocks (Khariar, Sinapalli, Boden, Nuapada and Komna).
Nuapada district is in the western part of Odisha, lying between latitude 20° 0' N and 21° 5' and between longitude 82° 20' E and 82° 40' E. Its boundaries extend in the north, west and south to Mahasamund district in Chhattisgarh and in the east to Bargarh, Balangir and Kalahandi districts. The district has an area of 3407.5 km² and the administrative headquarters is located at Nuapada.
The plains of Nuapada subdivision are fringed by rugged hill ranges stretching southward, which belong to the main line of the Eastern Ghats and contain extensive plateaus of about 4000 ft (1200 m) in elevation with thick tropical vegetation. They contain such mineral deposits of laterite, graphite and bauxite
Due to conspicuous absence of any Industry the economy revolves around Agricultural activities.Three major irrigation projects Upper Jonk,Sunder dam and up coming Lower Indira Irrigation Project provide support to 45,000 acres of land.Paddy is the main crop in the entire district.Other crops like Maize,cotton,and onion make a major share of crop cultivated.more than 10,000 house holds migrate to other state in search of better employment opportunities every year after the harvesting season is over.though the district tops in MGNREGS implementation the Advance provided by labor contractors before Nuakhai festival lure ignorant laborers into the plot.Due to unregistered and uninformed migration protection of migrant laborers has become a challenge to the government. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nuapada one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Nuapada district has a population of 606,490  roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands or the US state of Wyoming. This gives it a ranking of 524th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 157 inhabitants per square kilometre (410 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.28%. Nuapada has a sex ratio of 1020 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.2%.
Flora and fauna
The hillsides rising up precipitously from the plains are covered with dense sal forests. The forests of the district are managed under Forest Division namely Khariar Division. According to their composition, the forests can be classified into sal forests, teak forests, miscellaneous forests where sal, teak and other species occur in mixture and bamboo forest. All these are situated in the dry deciduous forest zone. Timber is by far the major forest produce and sal is no doubt, a major constituent of these products. Other important species are bija, asan, bandhan and teak. Among the minor forest produces of this region are kendu leaf, bamboo, broom-grass, mohua flower and seed, antia bark and sabai-grass. Timber, bamboo and kendu leaf are the main exports outside the state.
Geographical and Population details of the District
|Geographical Area : 3,852.00 sq.km||Area under Forest :||1849.00 sq.km||48.00 %|
|Population ( 2001 Census )||Total :||530,690||in %|
|Scheduled Caste :||236,019||44.47|
|Scheduled Caste Male :||117,344||49.72|
|Scheduled Caste Female :||118,675||50.28|
|Scheduled Tribe :||184,221||34.71|
|Scheduled Tribe Male :||90,901||49.34|
|Scheduled Tribe Female :||93,320||50.66|
|Literacy||Total Literate :||222,889||58.20|
|Literate Male :||129,275||71.55|
|Literate Female :||93,614||45.21|
|Total Illiterate :||307,801||58.00|
|Illiterate Male :||134,671||43.75|
|Illiterate Female :||173,130||56.25|
|Households||Total Households :||122,601|
|Rural Households :||116,329||94.88|
|Urban Households :||6,272||5.12|
|BPL Households ( 2001 Census) :||85,130||--|
|SC/ST Households ( 2001 Census) :||256,490||--|
Administrative setup of the District
|No. of Sub-Divisions :||1||No. of Tehsils :||5|
|No. of Municipalities/Corporation :||0||No. of N.A.Cs :||3|
|No. of Blocks :||5||No. of Police Stations :||6|
|No. of Gram Panchayats :||109||No. of Inhabited Villages :||648|
|No. of Uninhabited Villages :||15||No. of villages :||663|