CASE STUDY OF MRS. CHANDRIKA SAHU OF VILLAGE–AMSENA vis-à-vis ‘KALYANI’ PROGRAMME IN NUAPADA DISTRICT
Started on 02 March 2011 under the aegis of Department of Fisheries and Animal Resources Development, Govt. of Odisha; Integrated Livestock Development Programme (KALYANI) managed by BAIF Development Research Foundation in Nuapada District is catering to the needs of poor farmers in Animal Husbandry sector and working relentlessly for their sustainable development.
Breeding Service at the door-step is no more inaccessible for the farmers. Round the clock service is being given through 10 Cattle Development Centers in the district. Regular follow-ups are being taken up for Infertile Cows to address the need of ‘one calf a year’. Both seasonal and perennial fodder plots are being developed to make green fodder available to the dairy animals throughout the year in a bid to minimize the production cost of milk. Urea treatment of paddy straw and Azolla cultivation has also been introduced in the district to meet the nutritional requirement of dairy animals at a minimal cost. Organization of Awareness Campaigns regarding modern Animal Husbandry practices for farmers is a regular phenomenon in the district now. BAIF development Research Foundation is committed to the socio-economic development of poor farmers of Nuapada district through KALYANI.
STORY OF A COUNTRY WOMAN
Mrs. Chandrika Sahu of village Amsena is the best example of ‘Women in Dairy’ in Nuapada district. She has a family of five with a meager 1.5 acres of non-irrigated land. The family has two cows but much to the woe of Chandrika both was infertile. With such a scant resource available to the family Chandrika’s husband resorted to vending of milk at the nearby town (Khariar road). Still they were unable to meet the both ends in spite of every good effort. When the family was going through such a nightmare, Chandrika heard of KALYANI in a village meeting organized by BAIF. The Cattle Development Center in-charge at Amsena Mr. Dangar Singh Majhi contacted Chandrika seeing her interest in Animal Husbandry. Both the cows of Chandrika came to heat after treatment given by Dr Madan Mohan Majhi, Veterinary Assistant Surgeon, Khariar road assisted by Mr. Dangar Singh Majhi who also inseminated them. Chandrika was excited when she got two calves out of these inseminations in the month of October 2012. The flourishing happiness on Chandrika’s face was worth watching at that time.
Now Chandrika gets 20 liters of milk from her two cows by adopting modern feeding techniques developed by BAIF. She raised a seasonal fodder plot, developed an azolla pit and took up urea treatment of paddy straw with the support of BAIF to get low cost feed and fodder for her cows. Chandrika has been encouraged by this and urges other neighboring women farmers to take up Dairy Farming through Artificial Insemination as a profitable profession. She also collects another 80 liters of milk from the neighboring farmers which her husband vends at Khariar road along with her 20 liters. Now Chandrika has been getting a handsome amount everyday and manages his family expenses without any deficit of budget. Hers is a happy family now.
KALYANI became the path finder for Chandrika and Chandrika is trying to be the torch bearer for other women in the village.
ANIMAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT NUAPADA SUCCESS STORY OF A GOAT FARMER
Goat farming constitutes the means of livelihood of landless & marginal farmers in Nuapada District. Out of the traditional goat keepers, a farmer Lokanath Kharsel of village Junani in Nuapada District was selected & trained in scientific management, better health care practices for promotion of Intensive goat production under National Mission for Protein Supplementation (NMPS) which is a scheme under Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).
He was having 14 no. of goats initially. He got Rs. 41400.00 as back-ended subsidy in 2 phases for construction of goat shed & purchase of 50 female and 3 male goats. The total cost of the Goat Unit is Rs. 104,000/- and Sri Kharsel will get a total amount of Rs.52,000/- as subsidy. He was trained in Goat Health Care and feeding practices.
The animals were protected against different common parasitic diseases & prevented against Viral & Bacterial diseases by the Department. Now he has 82 goats & with the intension for expansion & replication of the farm he is in a mood to procure a total of 200 goats. The goat unit provides Sri Kharsel a handsome income and better livelihood than his peers. It prevented Sri Kharsel from migrating out of the state in search of a job.